Here we develop a frame on tools for organisers, in terms of practices, formations and social relations of infrastructur(ing).

One question at the core is: what tools live on the device, and which ones live on a platform - ie in the cloud?

Another question is: who hosts the platform? Under what social relations?

A third is: who provisions the tools that live on individual devices? Under what social relations?

Perceptions of infrastructuring - some thoughts for 2022Firenze, concerning the digital infrastructuring of European Social Forum formations.